Almost 23 years after reunification, differences between the east and west of Berlin remain apparent, especially when seen from Earth orbit after dark, as this photo by current ISS commander Chris Hadfield makes clear.
It looks as if the east side of the German city continues to use street lights dating from the Cold War era, which are seemingly still going strong.
According to the most widely told origin story, the Staunton set was designed by architect Nathan Cook, who looked at a variety of popular chess sets and distilled their common traits while also, more importantly, looking at the city around him. Victorian London’s Neoclassical architecture had been influenced by a renewed interest in the ruins of ancient Greece and Rome, which captured the popular imagination after the rediscovery of Pompeii in the 18th century. The work of architects like Christopher Wren, William Chambers, John Soane, and many others inspired the column-like, tripartite division of king, queen, and bishop. A row of Staunton pawns evokes Italianate balustrades enclosing of stairways and balconies.
Witch burning in Europe wasn’t a common occurrence until the Reformation period, and even then it was more of a looming threat to be feared rather than a practical means of execution. Heretics were burned in certain cases, but it was never a common practice. Even with witches the preferred method of execution was hanging.
The very first version of disassociated.com went online in 1997 – whoa, that’s sixteen years ago – and thanks to this article that recalls certain of the software and hardware in use at the time, it seems just like it was yesterday.
Beer, though not possibly as strong as contemporary brews, played a significant part in bringing our long distant ancestors together to think and act collectively, and in the process had a part in forming the basis of today’s societies.
Once the effects of these early brews were discovered, the value of beer (as well as wine and other fermented potions) must have become immediately apparent. With the help of the new psychopharmacological brew, humans could quell the angst of defying those herd instincts. Conversations around the campfire, no doubt, took on a new dimension: the painfully shy, their angst suddenly quelled, could now speak their minds. But the alcohol would have had more far-ranging effects, too, reducing the strong herd instincts to maintain a rigid social structure. In time, humans became more expansive in their thinking, as well as more collaborative and creative. A night of modest tippling may have ushered in these feelings of freedom – though, the morning after, instincts to conform and submit would have kicked back in to restore the social order.
Have a hankering for the taste of old school meals from McDonald’s by any chance? As they say there’s nothing like the original, so here to try for yourself, recipes used by the beloved hamburger chain from the 1950s through to the 1970s.